Benign Laryngeal Conditions
These include benign lesions on the vocal cords such as polyps, cysts or nodules or laryngeal nerve weakness or paralysis which can affect the vocal cords. In the first instance, Mr Jindal will recommend speech therapy, but in some cases surgery may be necessary.
These include acute or chronic laryngitis and the usual treatment is to rest your vocal cords to avoid injuring them.
Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR)
There is a band of the muscle at the top of the stomach that prevents acid escaping. If there is a weakness in the band, stomach acid can back up into the oesophagus, damaging the voice box. Mr Jindal will arrange appropriate treatment.
Chronic or prolonged hoarseness may be the result of throat cancer and Mr Jindal will first determine if this is the cause. Laryngeal cancer is rare and is treatable if caught in the early stages.
It is possible to abuse the voice, which can lead to benign vocal cord lesions or vocal cord haemorrhages. Most cases will be cured following speech therapy.